مطالعه بسترهای همکاری - رقابت ژئواکونومیکی و ژئوپولتیکی ایران و روسیه در غرب آسیا (2015-2020)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار و عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین‌الملل دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

هدف: غرب آسیا به دلایل متعددی هم برای روسیه و هم برای ایران اهمیت زیادی دارد. قرار گرفتن این دو کشور از نظر ژئوپلتیکی در حوزه و همسایگی غرب آسیا، فرصت­های متعددی را در اختیار آن­ها قرار داده است تا از منابع و ذخایر منطقه و همچنین پتانسیل­های استراتژیکی گروه­ها و کشورهای منطقه جهت همکاری یا رقابت با یکدیگر و با سایر کشورها استفاد کنند. هدف این پژوهش، مطالعه بسترهای همکاری - رقابت ژئواکونومیکی و ژئوپولتیکی ایران و روسیه در غرب آسیا است.
روش: این مقاله به استناد داده­های اسنادی و آرشیوی با استفاده از روش تطبیقی بر مبنای رهیافت ژئواکونومی به تجزیه و تحلیل می­پردازد.
یافته­ها: یافته­ها نشان می­دهند، این دو کشور در زمینه­های مقابله با حضور امریکا در منطقه،انرژی هسته­ای، بخش مبارزه با تروریست و تأمین امنیت منطقه همکاری داشته و در حوزه­های فروش نفت و گاز، صادرات کالا و خدمات به کشورهای منطقه، حوزه نظامی، حضور در مرحله سازندگی سوریه با هم رقابت دارند و در مسأله اسرائیل اختلاف عمیق دارند.
نتیجه­گیری:نتیجه­گیری کلی پژوهش، ارائه فضای شفافی از حوزه­های مهم رقابت و همکاری دو کشور ایران و روسیه در منطقه غرب آسیا با تمرکز بر زمینه ژئوپولتیک و ژئو اکونومیک است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Visual Substrates – Geo-economic and Geo-political Competition between Iran and Russia in West Asia (2015-2020)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Rahnejat 1
  • Tirdad Taghipour 2
1 Assistant Professor of Political Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student in International Relations, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: West Asia is important to both Russia and Iran for a number of reasons. Being located in this country geopolitically in the area and neighborhood of West Asia has several possibilities to use the resources and reserves of the region as well as the potentials of strategic groups and countries that the region activates or activates. They register with other countries. The purpose of this study is to study the contexts of Mica - geo-economic and geopolitical competition between Iran and Russia in West Asia.
Method: This paper has been processed based on documentary and archival data using a comparative method based on the geo-economic approach to analysis.
Findings: The findings show that the two countries are in the field of countering the US presence in the region, nuclear energy and counter-terrorism, and providing regional security in the areas of oil and gas sales, exports of goods and services in the region. Organizationally, the presence in the construction phase of Syria is competing with each other and there are deep differences in the issue of Israel.
Conclusion: The general conclusion of the transparent space research is one of the important areas of competition and climate between Iran and Russia in the West Asian region with a focus on geopolitics and geo-economics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Russia
  • West Asia
  • national security
  • Alliance
  • Iran
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