عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Spatial - geographical structure of the Islamic world that is extended from South-East Asia to West Africa and South East Europe is only subscription-based of religious identity and except religion factor, no other factor is common to all of the Islam world. Different cultural, ethnic, religious and language Structures that frequently are found in the Muslim world, along with territorial conflicts, border disputes and regional competitions among Islamic countries has provided the divergence fields for Islam world. In other words, the current situation of the Muslim world represents domination of divergence geopolitical forces on the centripetal forces.
In this regard, it seems that the main factors of divergence in the Muslim world have geopolitical aspects, and competition over spheres of influence expand in different local, regional, national and transnational scales has major role in this field.
This paper tries to explain the divergence geopolitical forces in the Islamic world with descriptive and analytical approach and based on the circulation model of Jean Gatman, and classify the divergence factors into two groups for a better understanding of their backgrounds.