آسیای مرکزی در تصورات ژئوپلیتیکی چین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشجوی دکتری/ روابط بین الملل/ دانشگاه گیلان

10.30479/psiw.2020.11033.2575

چکیده

تصور ژئوپولیتیکی به عنوان یک چارچوب مفهومی بیانگر آن است که روابط بین کشورها ریشه در تصاویر آنها از یکدیگر دارد. اگر این تصاویر مثبت باشند، همگرایی آنها بیشتر خواهد شد و برعکس. تصویر کشورهای از یکدیگر منجر به ایجاد کدهای ژئوپلیتیکی می شود که در سیاست خارجی منعکس شده است. بر اساس این کدها، کشورهای اهداف خود را تعیین می کنند. با الهام از این دیدگاه، هدف این مقاله بررسی تصورات چین از منطقه آسیای مرکزی است. سوالات این مقاله عبارتند از: موقعیت آسیای مرکزی در تصورات جغرافیایی چین چطور است؟ کدام کدهای ژئوپلیتیک بر روابط چین و کشورهای آسیای مرکزی تاثیر می گذارد؟ به عنوان یافته های تحقیق، این مقاله استدلال می کند که با توجه به پیشینه تاریخی روابط چین و آسیای مرکزی و همبستگی فرهنگی، تصورات چین از آسیای مرکزی مثبت است و این کشور در تلاش است تا از ظرفیت های ژئوپلیتیکی آسیای مرکزی برای ارتقای قدرت سیاسی و اقتصادی خود بهره برداری کند. علاوه بر این، پس از فروپاشی اتحاد جماهیر شوروی، کدهای ژئوپلیتیکی مانند امنیت، اقتصاد و شکلگیری یک بازی بزرگ باعث شد روابط چین با کشورهای آسیای مرکزی تقویت شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Central Asia in Chinese Geopolitical imaginations

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Hedayati Shahidani 1
  • Asgar Safari 2
1 Assistant Prof. University of Guilan,
2 Ph.D. Candidate/ International Relations/ University of Guilan
چکیده [English]

Objective: This article aims at analyzing how the imagination of a country form a region have caused the formation of a new geopolitical vision a and how this formation has led to an expansion of country bound up to that region. To do that, the article first presents a theoretical background and explains how china's imagination from central Asia is formulated. The article then applies this analysis to the case of China relations with Central Asia with respect to how this imagined geography shapes the priorities of china foreign policy in the region.
Method: The method in this research is descriptive-analytical and data and information are required by the library method and summarize historical data.
Results: Article findings show that: Given the historical background of China-Central Asia relations and cultural commonality, China's imagination of Central Asia is positive and China is seeking to exploit the geopolitical capacities of Central Asia to strengthen its political and economic power. Besides, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, geopolitical codes such as security, economics and the formation of a great game have led to deepening China's relations with Central Asian countries.
Conclusion: Examining the characteristics of the geopolitical image of China from Central Asia has shown that the country uses several geopolitical codes to extend its connection with the countries of the region. However, among these codes, there are specific codes that Beijing uses to adjust its relations with the countries of the region, which include the great game, economy, and security.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Central Asia
  • China
  • Economy
  • Geopolitics
  • Imagination
  • Security
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