عنوان مقاله [English]
The Islamic awakening is the basis for the reemergence of Islamic civilization. The traditional attitude of Sunni jurisprudence regarding to legitimacy of governor is the awakening obstacles. From this perspective, the governor will be legitimate by consensus of agreements or substituting the prior governor or by superiority or dominating, then it is obligatory to follow & obey him even if he`ll be immoral & unfaithful. Fiqh Al-waqi (jurisprudence of reality) as an emerging phenomenon in the field of Islamic sciences of Sunni which is obliged Jurist to infer rulings by considering current facts & science, brought serious criticism to this attitude about legitimacy of governor. Current Jurists consider the necessity of indisputable obedience to governors in contrast to democracy & along political despotism. They believe that the jurisprudence texts in this regard, are inadequate & interpretable & it is necessary to modify it based on findings of political scientists & realities of contemporary times. This article, after reviewing the traditional Sunni approaches to legitimacy of governor, is regarding to the essence of jurisprudence of reality & its impact on amending this attitude & eventually its role in the awakening of Muslim youth.
Keyword: jurisprudence of reality, the legitimacy of governor, Islamic awakening