عنوان مقاله [English]
Policy implementation is among the most important Stages in the policy cycle (Lester et al., 2000:5). Policy-makers know well that this stage is so essential that can affect all aspects of politics in local, national and international levels. Despite this fact, policies implemented do not have often the desired results. This article tries to analyze this phenomenon in the Islamic states using an integrator pattern, combining the triangles of Etzioni and hirshman.