جایگاه غیرامنیتی سازی در روابط کره جنوبی و جهان اسلام

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مطالعات شرق آسیا، دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه

2 استاد روابط بین الملل، دانشکده روابط بین‌الملل وزارت امور خارجه

10.30479/psiw.2020.9588.2387

چکیده

هدف: روابط کره جنوبی با کشورهای جهان اسلام را می توان روابطی سودمند و دارای منافع متقابل و مشترک برای هر دو طرف برشمرد. روابطی که در چارچوب مناسبات میان یک قدرت متوسط ​​و یک تمدن بزرگ قابل توجه است، اما در بسیاری موارد به دلیل ملاحظات قدرتهای بزرگ به ویژه امنیتی سازی مسائل جهان اسلام به چالش کشیده شده است. بر این اساس، سؤال اصلی مقاله این است که، امنیتی سازی چگونه بر روابط میان کره جنوبی و جهان اسلام تأثیر گذاشته است؟ و همچنین تلاشها برای غیرامنیتی سازی این روابط تا چه اندازه موفقیت آمیز بوده است؟
روش: روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی است و از منابع معتبر مبتنی بر اینترنت برای جمع آوری اطلاعات استفاده شده است.
یافته ها: یافته های پژوهش حاکی از آن است که گرچه روابط کره جنوبی با کشورهای اسلامی در موارد متعددی تحت تأثیر قدرتهای بزرگ - به ویژه ایالات متحده-  قرار گرفته است، اما هر دو طرف تلاش نموده اند تا ضمن حفظ روابط استراتژیک خود با قدرتهای بزرگ، روابط فی ما بین را از طرقی چون توسعه دیپلماسی عمومی - فرهنگی، تقویت روابط اقتصادی و وابستگی های متقابل و نیز اتخاذ رویکرد بی طرفانه یا عدم مداخله در امور و بحران های یکدیگر تسهیل کنند.
نتیجه گیری: کشورهای اسلامی و کره جنوبی تلاش نموده اند روابط خود را در جنبه های مختلفی از جمله تبادلات فرهنگی، همکاری های اقتصادی و اتخاذ رویکرد غیر مداخله گرانه نسبت به یکدیگر تقویت کنند، که این امر ضمن تقویت مناسبات آنها، بر وضعیت امنیتی شده ی روابط آنها نیز تاثیر گذاشته است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Place of Desecuritization in the Relations between South Korea and the Islamic World

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Shahmoradi 1
  • Mohammadreza Dehshiri 2
1 M.A in East Asian Studies, School of International Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
2 Professor of International Relations, School of International Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
چکیده [English]

Objective: South Korea’s relations with the countries of the Muslim world can be seen as having mutual and common interests for both sides. Relationships that are remarkable in the context of relations between a middle power and a great civilization, but in many cases have been challenged due to the considerations of great powers, especially the securitization of issues in the Islamic world. Accordingly, the main question of the paper is that, how do the securitization issue has affected South Korea’s relations with the Islamic world? And also how successful have been the efforts to desecuritize these relations?
Methods: The research method is descriptive-analytic and documentary and reliable internet based sources have been used to collect the information.
Results: The findings of the study indicate that although South Korea’s relations with Islamic countries have been under the influence of great powers – especially the United States- in numerous cases, both sides have tried to along with maintaining their strategic ties with the great powers, facilitate the desecuritization of their relations by efforts such as developing public-cultural diplomacy, strengthening economic ties and interdependencies, and also adopting an impartiality or non-interference approach in each other’s affairs and crisis.
Conclusions: Islamic countries and South Korea have tried to enhance their relations in different aspects including cultural exchange, economic cooperation and non- intervene approach toward each other that has contributed to the enhancement of their relations and also affected the securitized nature of their relations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Desecuritization
  • Great Powers
  • Islamic world
  • Middle Power
  • South Korea
 

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