عنوان مقاله [English]
Religious violence has become a major culprits blamed for the failure of peace and tolerance in recent decades in the world. Islamic fundamentalists have been considered at the forefront of groups condemned for committing the terrorist acts which make the violence as the natural feature of today's world through interpreting and applying the Islam in a radical fashion. To apprehend this issue, it is necessary to explore intellectual roots of fundamentalism as an ideological agenda presented and fostered in certain Islamic texts. Therefore, this paper tends to tackle with a number of elusive and problematic texts which historically continued to justify and support fundamentalist reading of Islam. For this purpose, Major writings of three reference authors of Islamic fundamentalism, Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Wahhab, Ibn Taymiyyah and Abu A'la Mawdudi, have been selected(13 Book). The findings suggest that the violence is represented in three different but interrelated ways in the texts. On one hand, there is a visible and objective violence which forges and defines an “Other” as a black spot tarnishing divine realm, which in turn demands to destruction as death of “other”. On the other hand, there is an invisible and subjective violence that calls for the destruction of earthly logic embodied as Non-Islamic law. This type of violence heralds a divine emancipation. In contrary to this type of violence, there is a third type of violence that not only aims to devastate the law but also strives to perform the law of God and Islamic logic (Sharia) as a replacement for the materialistic logic.